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Euclid (Greece)

 Contributions: Foundational work in geometry.
 Achievements: Author of “Elements”; foundational text in geometry and mathematics.
Carl Friedrich Gauss (Germany)

 Contributions: Number theory, statistics, and electromagnetism.
 Achievements: Known as the “Prince of Mathematicians”; significant contributions across multiple areas of mathematics.
Leonhard Euler (Switzerland)

 Contributions: Graph theory, topology, and mathematical notation.
 Achievements: Extensive contributions to various branches of mathematics; author of “Euler’s Formula.”
Pythagoras (Greece)

 Contributions: Pythagorean theorem and contributions to mathematical philosophy.
 Achievements: Fundamental developments in geometry and trigonometry.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (India)

 Contributions: Infinite series, number theory, and continued fractions.
 Achievements: Significant mathematical discoveries; recognized for his intuitive insights and contributions to number theory.
Alan Turing (England)

 Contributions: Theoretical computer science, Turing machine concept, and cryptography.
 Achievements: Pioneering work in computer science and artificial intelligence; crucial role in breaking the Enigma code.
David Hilbert (Germany)

 Contributions: Mathematical logic, proof theory, and formalism.
 Achievements: Hilbert’s problems; influential in shaping modern mathematical logic and foundations.
John von Neumann (Hungary/USA)

 Contributions: Game theory, computing architecture, and quantum mechanics.
 Achievements: Developed the architecture of modern computers; significant contributions to mathematics and computing.
Georg Cantor (Germany)

 Contributions: Set theory and the concept of infinity.
 Achievements: Founder of set theory; groundbreaking work on the concept of different sizes of infinity.
Kurt Gödel (Austria)

 Contributions: Incompleteness theorems and mathematical logic.
 Achievements: Gödel’s incompleteness theorems; significant impact on mathematical logic and philosophy.
Niels Henrik Abel (Norway)

 Contributions: Group theory and the theory of equations.
 Achievements: Abel’s theorem and contributions to the understanding of algebraic equations.
Joseph Fourier (France)

 Contributions: Fourier series and transform.
 Achievements: Fourier’s work on heat transfer and harmonic analysis; fundamental in signal processing and heat theory.
Évariste Galois (France)

 Contributions: Galois theory and abstract algebra.
 Achievements: Foundational work in algebraic equations and group theory; Galois theory is critical in modern algebra.
Andrew Wiles (England)

 Contributions: Proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem.
 Achievements: Solved a centuriesold problem; his proof is considered a major achievement in modern mathematics.
Michael Atiyah (UK)

 Contributions: Algebraic topology, Ktheory, and the AtiyahSinger index theorem.
 Achievements: Significant contributions to topology and geometry; influential in modern mathematical theory.